This article reviews a case study of gaps within an SMS modeled off multiple ISO (excluding a valid comparison of ISO 45001) and the OHSAS 18001:2007 framework.
The authors establish the basis for the case study for measuring integrated management systems (IMS) safety performance based on the prevention of global – GDP loss due to injuries and fatalities experienced worldwide. Several man-made disasters with localized and global impacts were cited. Economic factors were discussed as playing a role in workforce safety. There was an analysis provided of incident data not discussed here. The need for IMS was loosely established, but a clear framework was not established.
Examined in the case study were ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ISO 50001, ISO 27001, ISO 22000, ISO 13485, ISO 16949, and ISO 22301. The impact on “safety” was measured through a questionnaire survey. The primary research:
Objective – Employee knowledge cap in organizations IMS. Do employees know and understand the system’s elements that apply to them?
Question – Will implementing a learning management system (LMS) improve compliance and knowledge of the IMS? With a focus on employee training and current level of knowledge.
The case study also established or verified top management support.
Additional Objectives of the study:
- Analysis of ISO certification impact on safety
- Audit organization IMS
- Define barriers to implementation
- Define the need and parameters for LMS
- Implement LMS
The authors define IMS as the combination of two or more systems. “The basic principle of integrated management system functioning is the participation of all employees and departments in the system’s work. (p620)” The most adopted systems identified in the study were ISO standards. The certification did not seem to play a significant role in safety outcomes. The need for workforce training and education was reinforced through a qualitative study of questionnaire surveys.
The authors list several advantages and disadvantages of eLearning and propose a hybrid learning system. The two forms include those mentioned above (remote) eLearning and the second vocational training. Include at least 72 or more hours of training on IMS elements for leaders. Additionally, new employee training was identified as needed for at least the first 30-days of employment. Training is believed to increase the workforce’s understanding and knowledge of company policy, dangers and risks in the workplace, and each worker’s responsibility in the system.
The authors conclude that strong management commitment and effective training programs improve safety outcomes in organizations that leverage IMS. There is a footnote worth mentioning to audit to control what could be described as drift, but that is not the words the authors used.
M. Berzyuk, A. Rumyantseva & G. Chebotareva